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May 2018 - One Brussels employee in three works part-time

Brussels Institute for Statistics and Analysis (BISA) - In the spotlight - Share of Brussels residents aged 15 to 64 working part-time.

Share of Brussels residents aged 15 to 64 working part-time (in %), 2006-2016
 

Source: Steunpunt Werk, calculations by BISA
 

Methodology

A Brussels employee is a person who lives in the Brussels-Capital Region and is employed in one of the 3 regions of Belgium.

The proportion of part-time employee is calculated on the basis of statistical data Steunpunt Werk compiled on the number of employee per place of residence, employment status and gender.

There are three types of employment statuses: full-time status, part-time status and special status. Employees who, on average, only work part of the number of hours a full-time worker doing the same job (“reference worker”) in a given company or sector are qualified as having a part-time status.

Steunpunt Werk compiles statistical data on the number of employees by means of estimation methods used in labour accounts. Labour accounts can be described as a system of integrated and coherent statistics on the labour market. The breakdown by employment status is obtained via the databases of the NSSO and the ORPSS [Office for Particular Social Security Schemes] (which ceased to exist on 1 January 2017 and whose task are now taken care of by the NSSO).

These statistics are recorded in annual averages.


Significant disparities between women and men

According to the 2016 Steunpunt Werk figures, 32 % of employees aged between 15 and 64 years and living in the Brussels-Capital Region were working on a part-time basis. This is close on 1 employee in 3. There are significant differences between women and men however. 43 % of female workers were working part-time as against 20 % of their male counterparts. The share of part-time employees is 2 times higher among women than among men in the Brussels-Capital Region.

With a proportion of 35 %, the situation in Brussels is no different than in the rest of the country. However, the disparities between women (55 %) and men (16 %) across Belgium as a whole, are far greater. The share of part-time employees is thus 3 times higher among women than among men in Belgium.

According to the 2016 Statbel labour force survey, there are several reasons for part-time work. The main reasons are:

  • having children or dependents to look after,

  • the desired job is available on a part-time basis only,

  • the inability to find a full-time job,

  • other personal or family reasons.


In the Brussels-Capital Region, like in the rest of Belgium, women are 4 times more likely to mention childcare or looking after dependents as a reason. On the other hand, twice as many men as women claimed that they were working part-time because they could not find full-time employment.


Part-time work has been on the rise these past 10 years, especially among women

More and more Brussels employees (aged 15 to 64 years) are working part-time. Between 2006 and 2016, part-time work has increased significantly in the Brussels-Capital Region, rising from 26 % to 32 %, i.e. an increase of 6 percentage points (pp)[1].

This increase masks another difference between men & women: in 10 years, part-time work among Brussels women has increased almost twice as much as it did among Brussels men. Among women, it rose from 37 % to 43 % (i.e. 6 pp) while, among men, it rose from 17 % to 20 % (i.e. 3 pp).

Like people living in Brussels, more and more Belgian citizens (15 to 64 years) are working part-time: from 29 % to 35 %, or an increase of 6 percentage points between 2006 and 2016.
 

 More information?

Find more statistical data on workers by place of residence, employment status and gender on the BISA website “Labour market” theme page.


Bibliography

 


  [1] A percentage point is the unit for the arithmetic difference of two percentages.